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Climate change: 490 million children in Africa most vulnerable

Climate change: 490 million children in Africa most vulnerable

Of the 750 million children in 45 countries likely to be most affected by climate risk, 210 million are in three South Asian nations — Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.

Around 490 million children under the age of 18 in 35 African countries are at the highest risk of suffering the impact of climate change, warned Save the Children International, a child rights non-profit.

Sub-Saharan Africa has 35 of the 45 countries globally at highest climate risk, found the global NGO in an analysis.

Chad, Somalia, Central African Republic, Eritrea and Democratic Republic of the Congo are the least capable of adapting to the impact of climate change.

Of the 750 million children in 45 countries likely to be most affected by climate risk, 210 million are in three South Asian nations — Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.

The analysis is based on the most recent Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN) index.

ND-GAIN has ranked the countries by their vulnerability to climate disruptions and their readiness or capacity to adapt to climate change. The lower the capacity to adapt and cope, the higher the risk of impact on children.

Climate risks are based on the scenario where climate policies limit and stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations to 4.5 W m-2 by 2100.

Agriculture, water and health risks

Extreme weather events — floods, droughts and hurricanes — will have impact on the vulnerable children and their families most.

Children will be affected by food shortages, diseases and other health threats, water scarcity from rising water levels, or a combination of these factors, alarmed Save the Children.

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